This is my favorite site, very comprehensive, very well-researched. Apparently there are some three or four biographies of Galois floating around, all rather old, and the author of this article has looked into them all thoroughly, done compare/contrast, stuff like that.
On the matter of his death, it's been suggested that the whole duel was set up by royalists who wanted him out of the way (this theory also blames royalists for the time he was almost shot through a window while in prison) but since the man with whom he dueled, Pescheux d'Herbinville, (he left in his d'! Courfeyrac would be so displeased!)
had been a known republican for years, it's unlikely, though interesting. Other people turn the conspiracy theory the opposite way and suggest that the republicans had become suspicious of Galois, so decided to have him killed. But I haven't found any evidence for that either, and it just seems a little ludicrous after two prison terms, etc.
Col.Despard wrote:He'd have made a wonderful Ami, what between nerding it out with Combeferre, getting all uppity Republican with Courfeyrac and then going on the razz with him, Grantaire, Joly and Bossuet. Even Enjolras would approve.
Though I would suggest keeping him away from Bahorel, since they're both rather rash and could get into some major trouble--the legend of him failing his exams because he threw an eraser at the professor made me think of Bahorel when I first came across it. (But he really did have an excuse for being worked up--his father had committed suicide a few days previous and there had been a disturbance at the funeral.) And I don't know how he'd get along with R, though since he writes in his letters that he hates alcohol and drinks it "holding his nose."
Another reason I want to put him in a story: he and his (republican!) family were known for throwing out sarcastic rhymed couplets in political conversations. Which would just be fun,
and I'm sure some of the Amis could respond in kind.
And go ahead and explore the idea if you'd like, Colonel--my thoughts are still pretty sketchy as well! Vivid bits and pieces, mostly, rather than any actual plotline.
I'll try to assemble more later.